The ‘fourth wall’ refers to the invisible divide between actors and audience in realistic theatre, sealing the acting space off from the auditorium. The convention of the illusion of reality is upheld by this transparent ‘wall.’ ‘Breaking the 4th wall’ is the term used when actors on stage speak directly to the audience, or break the illusion of reality, by commenting on the fact that they are in a play. For hundreds of years the 4th wall has been an unspoken assumption underlying almost all forms of theatre. So imagine what would happen if one man treated this mighty barrier with all the respect accorded to a cockney in a rural French village, poorly enunciating the phrase ‘Parlez-vous l’Anglais?’Of course, we’re accustomed to the 4th wall being broken in prologues, epilogues and the like, but playwright Brecht’s systematic destruction of it, in his Epic Theatre, is downright shocking. There is a world of difference between being asked for ‘the help of your good hands’ by Prospero and being aggressively questioned, ‘What do YOU think’ at the end of Brecht’s Good Woman of Setzuan. Whereas Shakespeare’s epilogue to The Tempest neatly wraps things up, and keeps the drama very firmly on stage, Brecht’s epilogue causes the drama to encroach uncomfortably on our own reality. On one memorable occasion, I was nudged in the ribs and told ‘Cor, what a bastard!’ by one actor during the monologue of another. This discomfort is just what Brecht strove for; his theatre was politically motivated and he aimed to force the issues in his plays into the audience’s world-view – sending the plays into the world beyond the theatre.To equate the universe of the play with the real world, he invited the audience through the 4th wall. His actors took on the role of storytellers, rather than actually pretending to be their characters. In that sense, Brecht closed the distance between actor and audience. In real life there is no audience that sits outside the action, waiting to be addressed (unless you are mad, a tabloid celebrity, or both), so breaking the 4th wall distances the audience from the action, as they acknowledge that the drama is not real. Brecht actively encouraged this with what he called the Verfremdungseffekt (I like the translation ‘making strange effect’, because Epic Theatre is very, very strange): familiar events portrayed in an unfamiliar way. Brecht saw this distance as necessary to the audience’s ability to take in the political messages of his plays. So, Brecht establishes a new demarcation between actor and audience, even as he destroys the old one. In a Brechtian fashion, I shall leave you to draw your own conclusions on this: What do YOU think?By Ryan Hocking
NAFCU President and CEO Dan Berger sent an email to the association’s members yesterday requesting their support to defend the industry’s tax-exempt status at the local level – though the exemption remains untouched in both the House and Senate bills.“Together, we will continue to defend credit unions and ensure our communities and economy continue to benefit from your good work as well,” Berger wrote in the email.Berger’s message was sent in light of recent attacks on credit unions’ tax-exempt status by members of the banking industry. In the email, Berger pointed members to an independent tax study released by NAFCU earlier this year that found the credit union tax exemption benefits $16 billion to the U.S. economy each year. 11SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr continue reading »
Cheerful facemasks are helping to combat the spread of the novel coronavirus in Bulgaria thanks to a small company in the capital Sofia.The masks are printed with owls, dinosaurs, llamas and monkeys and will soon find their way to hundreds of doctors and policemen who are struggling to get their hands on the protective gear. They’re being made by the Angel Baby company, which normally produces sleeping bags for infants and is known for its social responsibility campaigns. “The idea came to us spontaneously as we got calls from friends asking us to sew them masks,” co-owner Desislava Yankova told AFP.”We stopped our usual production of baby sleeping bags for a week and we hope to be able to make about 3,000 masks to send to hospitals and police stations around the country,” she added.Angel Baby’s previous campaigns have included the “Sleeping bag on a mission” — for every baby sleeping bag sold they donated one to a maternity ward, with more than 6,000 bags given away so far.They are also giving away the masks for free but warning users that they have not been medically certified, so must be washed daily and ironed at high temperatures.The company says that the masks given to police and doctors are not intended for use by those in direct contact with coronavirus patients but for others who deal with large numbers of people on a daily basis. Topics :
Advertisement Advertisement Laurent Koscielny returned to France this summer (Picture: Getty Images)Laurent Koscielny was adamant that he would leave Arsenal over the summer and Bordeaux chairman Joe DaGrosa has explained how his decision to join Bordeaux ‘transcended wage issues’.The former Gunners captain refused to go on the pre-season trip to America with the rest of the squad as he forced through a move a year before the end of his contract.Having been a loyal servant to the club since 2010, the Frenchman’s strike action came as something of a surprise, having captained Arsenal in the Europa League final at the end of last season.However, DaGrosa has explained that it was partially the 34-year-old wanting to return to his home country, but also have assurances of his career after playing, with his family’s future in mind.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT‘It really starts with Laurent’s desire to come back to France,’ DaGrosa said, via Get French Football News.‘We were not the only club in France that he considered but Bordeaux was at the top of his list, but again, not the only one on the list.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘His desire was to return to France, and particularly to Bordeaux where he has family, in the region. I also think that this concerns this discussion on the subject of young players compared to more experienced players.‘Laurent Koscielny rightly thinks of his conversion and I think that Bordeaux presents a great place for him to stay in the world of football in the decades to come.‘We are therefore delighted to welcome someone of his level and experience, who has long-term goals with the club, after he has put an end to his sporting career.‘These are things we told him about, and I think that was reasoned in him, and it transcended wage issues. Where does he want to go with his family at the end of his career?‘So we convinced him and insisted that he came to a family, that he would feel at home, that he did not just come to a club.’Koscielny has started three Ligue 1 games for Bordeaux since returning to France, but it has been a slow start to the season for Paulo Sousa’s side, picking up five points from the first four games.MORE: Why Arsenal’s Europa League clash against Vitoria has been rescheduled by UEFAMORE: Samuel Umtiti discusses Arsenal rumours and bursts out laughing at Alexandre Lacazette’s transfer plea Bordeaux chairman explains why Laurent Koscielny insisted on leaving Arsenal Comment Phil HaighTuesday 10 Sep 2019 7:53 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link320Shares
Loading… Lionel Messi is expected to send a new burofax to Barcelona confirming he will not be attending pre-season training, as he begins all-out warfare with the club. According to RAC1 and El Periodico, Messi has realised Barca won’t accept negotiations, so is going all-out to break away from the club where he spent his entire career. It is an unfortunate ending to this decades-long relationship, but if Messi is able to ascertain the clause in his contract allows him to leave for free, then Juventus, Inter, PSG, and favourites Manchester City are in the running. He had been expected tomorrow for medical tests, the precursor to pre-season training, but it’s reported he will now send a burofax warning he will not becoming. The legal battle is now inevitable, as Messi had tried to meet with President Josep Maria Bartomeu for talks to work out a solution to the impasse. The response he received was that Barcelona were only interested in talking to him about extending his current contract and nothing else.Advertisement Promoted Content8 Superfoods For Growing Hair Back And Stimulating Its GrowthWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A TattooFans Don’t Know What She Looks Like Now7 Mind-Boggling Facts About Black HolesA Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This DayWho Earns More Than Ronaldo?9 Actors Who Stay Famous For That One Movie They Did 10 Years Ago6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A Drone6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually True7 Of The Wealthiest Universities In The WorldBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Them With both parties taking a hard-line stance, the situation is getting increasingly ugly. Manchester City remain the absolute favourites due to Pep Guardiola’s presence, and indeed the coach was spotted in Barcelona this weekend. read also:JUST-IN: Guardiola in Barcelona for Messi talks However, L’Equipe and AS both state that Juventus are very much in the running with their dream of uniting Messi with Cristiano Ronaldo. Inter seem to be focusing on other targets for now, while Paris Saint-Germain are another candidate. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享
The 31-year-old citizen of Nigeria arrived to Russia for the World Cup before asking police in the Perovo district of Moscow for political asylum, the RBC news agency reported, citing an unnamed police source.â€œThe man said that he had participated in anti-government protests in his country and that his life was currently threatened by Nigerian government forces,â€ the police source was cited as saying.The asylum request has been transferred to a local migration services branch of the Interior Ministry, RBC reported.According to Russian law, political asylum requests are granted by presidential decree. (NAN)Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram A football fan from Nigeria has reportedly requested political asylum in Russia, citing fears of political persecution in his home country, the Moscow Times reports.Human rights groups say it is difficult for asylum seekers to obtain refugee status in Russia, with only 582 people admitted as refugees in 2017, the lowest number in the past decade.Since the World Cup began, dozens of people who entered Russia using World Cup fan identity documents have attempted to enter neighboring European countries and request asylum.
Sassuolo v AC MilanPopular Prediction: XVincenzo Montella would be heading to this Seria A weekend with the danger of losing his job, a lose to Sasuolo could be a decider to his stay at the seven times UEFA Champions league champions side.Rossoneri were uninspired against AEK on Thursday night after a goalless draw.Montella’s side are already 12 points off the Champions League places, and if that gap increases he could well be given his marching orders.Sassuolo have failed to win their last 5 home matches.Sassuolo have never scored more than a single goal in their games so far in this Serie A campaignMilan have won just one of their last five trips here in Serie ASassuolo have failed to score in their last three home games.Last meeting : Genoa 0-1 SampdoriaMatch Time : Sunday 8:45p.mVenue :Mapei stadiumRelatedSerie A Review: Inter Pip Lazio To Final UCL Spot To End 6-Year WaitMay 21, 2018In “Europe”Serie A Review: Napoli Wrestle Top Spot From Juventus With Bologna Win As Milan Edge Lazio In Big ClashJanuary 29, 2018In “Europe”Italian Serie A Review: The Big Teams Show SuperiorityOctober 26, 2017In “Europe” Bologna vs Crotone:Popular Prediction : Crotone to win or draw.Bologna have won 5 of their last 6 matches against Crotone in all competitionsCrotone have lost 5 of their last 6 away matchesBologna have kept a clean sheet in their last 3 matches against Crotone in all competitionsBologna have lost with a 1 goal margin in their last 3 matchesBologna have seen under 2.5 goals in their last 4 matches against Crotone in all competitionsBologna beat Crotone both home and away last season, and SPAL are so far the only team they beat at home this term. Furthermore, they managed to draw with Inter on home turf. That being said, Crotone will be brimming with confidence after their shock win over Fiorentina and will be fancying their chances at trying to grab at least a point here.Last meeting: Bologna 1-0 CrotoneMatch Time: Saturday 6p.mVenue: Renato dall’Ara Genoa v SampdoriaPopular Prediction: Sampdoria to win or drawSaturday night sees Genoa and Sampdoria meet in the Derby della Lanterna, with the future of Grifone Coach Ivan Juric on the line because Genoa have won just one game all season.The Blucerchiati would love to have nothing more than a maximum point from this match against their city rivals. in a popular Derby della Mole.Sampdoria have played 5 away games with a win, 2draw and 2 lost this seasonLast meeting: Genoa 0-1 SampdoriaMatch Time : Saturday 8:45p.mVenue: Luigi Ferraris Juventus v BeneventoPopular Prediction: Juventus to winBenevento, who have yet to even pick up a single point, also have the worst attack in the division, with a measly four goals scored so far would be facing the Old Lady, a side that can boast of having netted the most time this season. Though Juventus are far from being in their top form this season in their local fixtures, having loss a game at home to Lazio.Juventus have won 36 of their last 38 home matchesBenevento have lost their last 11 matchesJuventus have scored at least 2 goals in 11 of their last 13 matchesBenevento have been losing at both half time and full time in 7 of their last 8 matchesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in 6 of Juventus’s last 7 home gamesBenevento have conceded at least 2 goals in 7 of their last 8 matchesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in Benevento’s last 3 gamesLast meeting : Non AppearanceMatch Time : Sunday 3:00p.mVenue :Allianz Stadium Cagliari v Hellas VeronaPopular Prediction : Cagliari to win or drawThe Rossoblu should be able to rebound here and pick up a much needed win. Despite their leaky defense last term, they avoided releation, and would need to be more careful at this campaign.Verona will be desperate to try to end their three-match losing streak.Verona have conceded at least 2 goals in their last 4 away matchesVerona have lost their last 3 matchesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in Verona’s last 4 away gamesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in Cagliari’s last 5 gamesLast meeting: Cagliari 1-2 VeronaMatch Time : Sunday 3:00p.mVenue: Sardegna stadiumAtalanta v SPALPopular Prediction: Atalanta to winLa Dea will be frustrated from their results from the Europa League midweek but will have to focus on getting back on track having lost to Udinese last round.Atalanta are undefeated in 16 of their last 17 home matchesTheir only loss so far was a 1-0 defeat to Roma on MD 1 of this seasonThey’ve won 11 times thus far on home turfBefore beating Genoa last Sunday, SPAL had taken only one point from their previous eight league gamesSPAL have lost their last 4 away matchesSPAL have conceded at least 2 goals in their last 4 away matchesLast meeting: Non AppearanceMatch Time : Sunday 6:00p.mVenue: Stadio Atleti Azzurri d’Italia (Bergamo). Top teams would be setting a relentless pace though, so most stars can afford to take their eye off the ball before heading off for international duty. Chievo v NapoliPopular Prediction : Napoli to winNapoli have been in excellent form so far this season, having dropped just two points from the whole campaign so far.However, Faouzi Ghoulam was forced off with an injury against Manchester City on Wednesday, and it was later confirmed he’ll be out for at least three months with a cruciate ligament injury.The Partenopei have Mario Rui as a replacement, but he’s played a grand total of three minutes all season.Napoli have scored at least 3 goals in 13 of their last 15 matchesNapoli have won 15 of their last 16 matchesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in 5 of Chievo’s last 6 home gamesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in 19 of Napoli’s last 21 away gamesNapoli have won their last 4 away matches against Chievo in all competitionsChievo have conceded at least 2 goals in their last 3 matchesLast meeting: Chievo 1-3 NapoliMatch Time : Sunday 3:00p.mVenue: Marc Anthonio Inter Milan v TorinoPopular Prediction: Inter Milan to winGiven that they only have to play in general once a week, Luciano Spalletti’s men are benefiting from the added rest that Juventus, Napoli, Roma, Atalanta, Lazio, and AC Milan don’t get from competing on multiple fronts.Inter are undefeated in 20 of their last 22 matches against Torino in all competitions.Torino have conceded at least 2 goals in their last 4 away matchesInter have won 11 of their last 13 matchesInter have scored at least 2 goals in 5 of their last 6 home matchesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in 7 of Torino’s last 8 gamesInter have seen over 2.5 goals in their last 3 matches againstls scored in Benevento’s last 3 gamesLast meeting: Inter Milan 2-1 TorinoMatch Time : Sunday 12:30p.mVenue: San Siro SS Lazio v UdinesePopular Prediction : Lazio to winWith a blasting form of their life, Lazio who currently defeated Nice at the Europa Cup and book their place in the knock out stage already would love to continue their performance when they face Udinese. With defeats in five out of their last six at the Stadio Olimpico, whilst they have also failed to score in all but one during that same time frame.Lazio have won 5 of their last 6 home matches against Udinese in all competitionsLazio have won their last 6 matchesThere have been over 2.5 goals scored in 7 of Udinese’s last 8 gamesLazio have kept a clean sheet in 5 of their last 6 matches against Udinese in all competitionsLazio have scored at least 2 goals in their last 6 matchesLazio have won their last six Serie A games.Last meeting: Lazio 1-0 UdineseMatch Time : Sunday 3:00p.mVenue: Stadio Olimpico