By Geraldine Cook/Diálogo May 08, 2018 The complexity of security threats demand deeper collaboration between partner nations in the Western Hemisphere. As security cooperation becomes increasingly important, Brazil and the United States integrate their capabilities into more secure structures to protect communication. For the first time, Brazil and the United States held the Command and Control Interoperability Board (CCIB), in Salvador, Brazil, April 9–12, 2018. More than 40 members of Brazilian military and U.S. government representatives, led by U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), met to discuss joint initiatives to validate command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, and operational requirements to meet cooperation goals and strategies. “This forum is the first step in increasing interoperability between both countries. I’m sure we’ll continue to strengthen interoperability initiatives between our armed forces,” said Brazilian Army Major General Jayme Octávio de Alexandre Queiroz, deputy chief of Command and Control of the Armed Forces Joint Staff. “We have a long relationship with the United States, more so now as we participate in different activities, operations, and training events—the increase of technology and equipment makes it necessary to have this interoperability.” CCIB is a bilateral, multi-agency, and multidisciplinary forum to address combined interoperability initiatives on a mutually agreeable basis. The Brazil-U.S. CCIB allows key military and civilian leaders of agencies including SOUTHCOM, the U.S. Command and Control Interoperability Program (C2IP), the Defense Information System Agency, and their Brazilian counterparts to talk about the implementation of critical information standards to support coalition interoperability, among other topics. The first CCIB in Brazil allows the nation to be part of 56 nations across the globe to participate in C2IP. “This forum is setting the groundwork for our future relationship with the Brazilians as far as command, control, and interoperability,” said Michael Droz, deputy director of Operations at SOUTHCOM. “It’s very important, because we can learn how to communicate and collaborate with each other and be interoperable.” The inaugural Brazil-U.S. CCIB strengthened relations between both nations’ militaries as well as allowed participants to discuss different ways to be interoperable to confront common challenges. “There are a lot of threats we are facing in this region. If we can communicate and be interoperable with our partners, we can be better prepared to fight those threats,” said Droz. “It doesn’t matter what the mission is—if it is a combat mission with NATO [North Atlantic Treaty Organization], or humanitarian assistance disaster relief. If we can be interoperable—talk to each other, and share information on a real time basis—it makes the mission more successful.” This idea is shared by the Brazilian military. “Interoperability helps counter security threats,” said Maj. Gen. Jayme. “In situations where the use of multinational forces is needed [to support] partner nations, interoperability is strictly necessary; without it, it’s impossible to conduct combined and joint operations.” New front of communications “CCIB brings an opportunity to strengthen the relationship with the United States to build interoperability between our systems and cultures. People focus on the security between the two nations and their populations,” said Brazilian Air Force Colonel André Luís Maia Baruffaldi, Command and Control advisor at the Ministry of Defense. “The future is promising for interoperability as we look for ways to continue to improve our capabilities.” “The purpose of the engagement was to discuss operational requirements for weapons platforms and data link systems in U.S and Brazil joint and combined operations,” said Marlon Atherton, C2IP and Cyber Operations Exercise Planner at SOUTHCOM. “CCIB gives us the ability to act together coherently, effectively, and efficiently to achieve tactical, operational, and strategic mission objectives.” History The U.S. and Brazilian governments signed a Communications and Information Security Memorandum of Agreement (CISMOA) in 2014 to promote their mutual security interests. CISMOA includes legal framework and mechanisms to promote interoperability among communications systems, commands, and tactical control of both nations’ armed forces. The Brazil-U.S. CCIB became a reality after three years of bilateral conversations and joint efforts between the joint planning directorate of the Brazilian Armed Forces and SOUTHCOM. The first pre-CCIB was held in Brasilia, Brazil, in July 2017. SOUTHCOM will host the second CCIB in 2019. “Interoperability with partner nations is very important for the Navy,” said Commander Felippe José Macieira Ramos, advisor of Command and Control at the Brazilian Navy. “CCIB allows us to better learn U.S. and NATO naval command and control systems, as well as to help find solutions for interoperability with partner nations.” For Maj. Gen. Jayme, the future of U.S.-Brazil interoperability is encouraging. “This is our first step in [achieving] perfect integration between the armed forces of Brazil and the United States,” he concluded.
This semester, the entirely-student run Liquid Propulsion Lab team hopes to trial , a larger 3-D-printed engine. (Jan Fessl / Daily Trojan)After months of designing, planning and spending, the USC Liquid Propulsion Lab fired the world’s first student-made 3-D-printed rocket engine a month ahead of schedule. The engine, named James, was made entirely on campus, a feat not accomplished before by any student group around the world, according to USC News. The parts constituting James were constructed at the USC Viterbi Center for Advanced Manufacturing and taken to USC’s machine shop for finishing. “The reason we chose this particular material is because it qualified with the temperature and pressure qualities that we needed,” said Nihar Patel, a second-year graduate student studying aerospace engineering and engineering management, as well as the designer on the larger Balerion engine. However, printing occurs after a long process of computer-automated design of each individual part. Computer-automated design allows engineers to create designs using vector-based graphics. The design for the smaller engine took nearly a semester. “[Printing] opens up a door to a vast majority of design that is not available with traditional [manufacturing] and it really opens up a designer’s creativity,” Patel said. While the printing process was tedious, Patel said it outshined traditional manufacturing in both time and cost efficiency. According to Patel, additive manufacturing allowed the student researchers to make small changes on their computer and begin a reprint immediately, while traditional processes could take months. “The additive manufacturing process allows to create a lot of components that are more complex,” said Emily Dzurilla, a second-year graduate student studying astronautical engineering who assisted on the final design of the engine. “It also allows us to get them faster than traditional machining.” During the test, which took place in the Mojave Desert in November, the engine produced 600 pounds of thrust along with 725 pounds of pressure in its holding chamber. The engine is a liquid propulsion engine — the only kind that LPL crafts, which incorporates a more complex engine that allows for variable thrust and easily repeatable tests. In addition to James, LPL has also engineered 3-D printed engine Balerion, which can produce 2,250 pounds of thrust. Testing for the engine will occur in the spring. “[Balerion] is about two to three times bigger [than James] and can produce a max of 10 kilonewtons,” said German Padilla, the engine design engineer and a second-year graduate student studying astronautical engineering. Though LPL is relatively new on campus, it has experienced an increasing amount of notoriety due to its recent feats. Its work was presented at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Propulsion Conference over the summer. In October, the designs of the 3-D-printed engine were presented at the International Aeronautical Congress in Bremen, Germany. “The other day, we had SpaceX engineers come and tour the lab … we’re getting the attention from the big companies,” Padilla said. “It opens up a lot of connections and possibilities of future employment.” As the lab enters its fourth year, the LPL team plans to trial fire Balerion sometime in the spring, while simultaneously working on making testing of James more efficient. “We’re very focused on doing good work and setting really ambitious goals. We want to be able to produce the best engineers out of our lab,” Dzurilla said.
Submitted to Sumner Newscow â€” On Saturday Nov. 16, Countryside Motors, in conjunction with General Motors, will conduct a special day of fundraising!With every new GM test drive a $10 donation will be made to the American Cancer Society in support of Breast Cancer awareness, as part of the Chevrolet Making Strides Campaign.Â People who come out to Countryside Motors on Saturday and test drive any Chevrolet or Buick, or test ride any Polaris ATV or UTVÂ or test one of the Hustler Turf products a donation will be given.It will be a great day to learn about all the new products and provide an opportunity to raise money for a great causeÂ by simply test driving a new car or truck!Â Countryside Motor sales representatives will be at the store from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., at its business in Wellington just four miles west of I-35 on U.S. 160.